The Basics of Roulette


Roulette is one of the most popular games in both land and online casinos. This game of chance was first developed in the late 1700s in Paris and quickly spread throughout Europe. Today, a casino isn’t considered to be complete without at least one roulette table on its premises. However, while this game may appear simple enough, it still has some subtle nuances that every player needs to understand before playing for real money.

A roulette wheel consists of a solid wooden disk slightly convex in shape, with a metal segmentation around its rim. This segmentation, known as frets or pockets by croupiers, is painted alternately red and black and numbered non-consecutively from 1 to 36. On European-style wheels, there is an additional green compartment labelled 0, and on American-style tables there are two green pockets labelled 0 and 00.

Each player makes his or her bets by putting chips on the appropriate betting mat. There are many different bet types, each with its own payout odds based on the probability of winning. Bets placed on the numbers themselves are called “inside bets”, while those made on other positional groupings of pockets, or on whether they’re odd or even, are known as “outside bets”.

The most common bet is a Straight-up bet on a single number. This bet pays out 35 to 1, or 3.5 times the amount of the player’s original wager. Similarly, a Split bet on two adjacent numbers pays out 17 to 1. A Street bet on three consecutive numbers pays 18 to 1 and so on.

In addition to the traditional bets, there are a few other special bets that you can place on the table. These include the en prison rule and the la partage rule, both of which are designed to protect players from large losses. En prison essentially works by leaving half of the player’s bet on the table when it wins, while la partage sees that stake returned to the player in the event of a loss.

There are many systems that claim to make it possible to beat roulette, but most of them have a tendency to lose money over the long term. The most successful ones, however, are those that rely on small bets on even money odds and use the game’s rules to their advantage. For instance, the Martingale system advises players to double their bets after a loss, and the Labouchere system requires that you set your desired win amount and adjust your stake amounts accordingly.