The Basics of Roulette


Roulette is a casino game where players place bets on which number or grouping of numbers the ball will land on when the dealer spins the wheel. The game’s simple rules and relatively high payouts have made it a popular choice in casinos worldwide. However, the game can have a surprising depth for serious bettors who use strategy.

Roulette was derived from the Italian game Biribi. The modern game evolved in the late 18th century in Europe. It is played on a circular table with red and black bet areas that correspond with the compartments of the wheel. The wheel has a single zero and a double zero, with red numbers 1 through 36 and black ones 19 through 36. The double zero was introduced to help prevent cheating by players and casino operators.

Before the ball is spun, players place bets by laying chips down on the betting mat. Each bet is placed in a specific location, and the precise placement of the chips indicates the bet being made. Bets on individual numbers are called Inside bets and those on groups of numbers are called Outside bets.

The roulette wheel consists of a solid wooden disk, slightly convex in shape. Around its rim are metal frets, or separators, with compartments painted alternately in red and black. Thirty-six of these are numbered consecutively from 1 through 36; on European wheels, a 37th compartment carries the sign of 0; while on American roulette wheels, two green compartments with the signs 0 and 00 appear on opposite sides.

The Roulette table map is marked to indicate the various bets that can be placed, and each type of bet has different payouts. In general, outside bets have a lower chance of winning and higher house edge, but they offer broader coverage of the numbers on the table. Players may also choose to make a bet on a particular section of the table, such as all the numbers between one and three. The table map also shows the minimum and maximum bet amounts for each type of bet. Players should always set a budget before playing, and try to stay within that limit. Also, it is advisable to cash out winning bets as soon as possible in order to avoid dipping into them for future bets.